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|Pythagorion is the birthplace of Pythagoras, who lent his name to the town. The great philosopher taught in ancient Samos before he moved to southern Italy. This is also the place where the astronomer Aristarchos of Samos lived, taught and discovered the heliocentric system, and where antiquity's storyteller, the famous Aesopus, created his fables.
Many civilisations have inhabited the island of Samos since the 3rd millennium BC. The remains of Pythagorion, an ancient fortified port with Greek and Roman monuments can still be seen.
The village of Pythagorion is built overlooking the historical city of Samos. Its every rock tells of a history that is thousands of years deep together with the traces of an unprecedented and highly refined civilisation. The Ionic Civilisation.
Five kilometres due west of the Pythagorion, is one of the most significant cult sites of ancient Greece, the Hera Sanctuary of Samos, built during the tyranny of Polycrates (538-522 BC). Only one column is still standing today, visible in the distance as a landmark. The Heraion represented a place of worship since it was the birthplace of the goddess.
At the Efpalinion Excavations, about 800 metres from Pythagorion, visitors are invited to marvel at an irrigation system of the times. The aqueduct of the ancient city of Samos, called the "two-mouthed tunnel" by Herodotus, is one of the most significant technical achievements of Greek antiquity. The aqueduct was the work of Efpalinos, son of Nafstrophos, an engineer from Megara. Two hundred metres westward of the settlement is Thermes, the Roman baths. Adjoining them is the Ancient Stadium and due north, on the mountainside, is the Ancient Theatre, which during the summer months features moonlight theatrical plays and concerts.
Modern Pythagorion, engulfed by the quaint sea waters with its peaceful stone-built port, is guaranteed to capture the heart of every visitor and add a memorable touch to everyone's holiday. A traditional fishing settlement clinging to its architectural heritage, the town boasts a port with a modern marina accommodating two and half thousand yachts with tourists from all over the world, while a Port Captain deals with requirements for all vessels (electricity, telephone, water, fuel, repairs, etc). A short distance off the port, on the main street, is the tourist Office of the Municipality, where visitors can obtain information regarding the island, sightseeing tours, exchange foreign currency, telephone home and fax messages. The Pythagorion market place is quite sufficient. Visiting vessels prefer to buy all their supplies from this part of the island where well equipped local shops feature everything, including modern art creations.
Visitors should not leave the island without tasting the world-wide famous local wine made with sweet muscat grapes cultivated with care by the islanders since ancient times. The town's tavernas and restaurants feature a delicious local ouzo variety, served with scrumptious traditional starters (mezedes), while service is done with a smile, characteristic of Hellenic hospitality. The numerous hotels are new and in excellent condition, listed among the best in the Aegean, offering comfortable, elegant and contemporary accommodations.